One of the most beautiful and popular tourist destinations in the whole of Britain, the Peak District National Park contains spectacular scenery, wonderful wildlife, historic sites, and a wide range of outdoor attractions.
It became the first area to be designated a National Park in 1951 and is still the fifth largest in England and Wales, covering an area of 555 square miles across six counties – Derbyshire, Cheshire, Greater Manchester, Staffordshire, South Yorkshire and West Yorkshire, with its highest point behind Kinder Scout, in Derbyshire, at 2,087 feet.
Estimates vary concerning the number of visitors annually, but it is thought to be the second most visited National Park in the world, behind only Mt Fuji in Japan. It is split into two parts, the northern Dark Peak, which is mainly moorland and gritstone, and southern White Peak, where most of the population live and the geology is mainly limestone-based. Park boundaries were drawn up to exclude built-up areas and industrial sites, but the town of Bakewell and numerous villages were included within the boundaries, which is why Bakewell is now regarded as the capital of the Derbyshire Peak District.